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澳洲是亚太重要的和平使者 Australia is an Important Peace Messenger in the Asia-Pacific Region

来源:澳洲网 作者:蔡家声 时间:2018-10-05 15:57:46 点击:

近日,美国海军又一次在南海打着“航行与飞越自由”的旗帜,再一次“挑战”中国抗卫中国南海领土主权的决心,在这一望无际的大海里,偏偏要选择靠近中国十二海里的礁岛“挑战”中国防守的海军。在21世纪,如果南海礁岛的中国主权问题会影响“航行和飞越自由”的话,为什么每天还有这么多除美国外的其它大大小小飞机和船只来来往往都没有问题和异议?美国为什么时不时就以其军舰“挑战”中国呢?用意何在?

联合国海洋有国际法律和平解决的办法,为什么美国不在联合国去“挑战”中国领土岛礁的争端呢?为何要以军事手段挑衅中国呢?这和美国经常挂在嘴上的口号“要维护亚太地区的和平”宗旨不是相违背了吗?

我很欣慰看到澳洲总理Morrison、外长和防长对这事件表示担忧。他们都希望看到亚太地区能继续保持稳定和繁荣。总理Morrison告诉6PR电台:“我们在这一情况下都应该保持冷静的头脑。在这一不稳定的时刻,我们的工作是确保每一个人都减少不稳定,这就是我们所正在做的事情。”他指出,澳洲和美中两国都有着牢固的关系,他将会为国家利益争取最佳的战略结果。他还说:“我们地区的繁荣对澳洲有着巨大的惠益,我们希望它会继续下去。”

是的,如果中美因南海这小事件而爆发战争的话,那后果是不堪设想的——那时整个亚太海域的“航行的自由”就真会被他们所破坏。别说这场战争将导致整个亚太地区的“不稳定”,更将会大大地劳民伤财,给这地区带来不可计数的家破人亡和难民潮!美国和中国在朝鲜、在印支有过两场非常惨痛的历史经验,难道还不珍惜历史的教训吗?特别是美国,历史证明二战以来,他经常是战争的导火者——在中东就留下了一个大烂摊子,整天还靠售卖军火,利用战争来维持美国的经济和面子,有没有考虑去帮助他所制造的中东战争中牺牲和受灾的千千万万人民和无家可归的难民潮?再者,美国难道还以为现代的中国还像以前那样好欺负吗?

总理Morrison说得对,澳洲可以是亚太重要的和平使者。中美双边领导人要保持冷静头脑,为亚太地区的长久稳定繁荣和平发展着想。1989年由澳洲发起的“亚太经贸组织APEC”也是一个非常重要的和平使者,因为它见证了只有走和平发展的道路才能创造长久的稳定和繁荣,惠及世界各国人民,不只是亚太地区。

注: 蔡家声医生是澳洲医生防战协会全国委员和国际医生防止核战协会的澳洲国际代表

www.mapw.org.au

www.ippnw.org

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   The U.S. Navy has once again raised the banner of "freedom of navigation and overflight in the South China Sea", once again challenging China's determination to protect her territorial sovereignty in the South China Sea, In this boundless sea, why US Navy has chosen to sail through the reef within the China's 12 nautical miles to challenge China's defensive navy? In the 21st century, if the question of China's sovereignty over the South China Sea Reefs would affect the "freedom of navigation and overflight ", why is it that so many planes and ships, large and small, still come and go every day, not just those belonging to the United States, without any problem or objection?Why does the United States challenge China from time to time with its warships? What is the point?

The United Nations has an international legal jurisdiction over any territorial dispute and a peaceful way of dissolving the problem. Why doesn't the United States challenge the Chinese territorial islands and reefs in the United Nations? Why provoke China by military means? Doesn't this run counter to the United States oft-repeated slogan, "To preserve peace in the Asia-Pacific region"?

I am pleased to see that the Australian Prime Minister, Morrison, the Foreign Minister and the Minister of Defence have expressed concern about the incident. They all want to see continued stability and prosperity in the Asia-Pacific region. Prime Minister Morrison told Radio 6PR:" we’re cool heads, in this situation we’re measured, we have very strong relationships with both the United States and with China, have had for many years. It’s in all of our interests I think, to take that approach. The prosperity of our region has been a major boon for Australia and we want to see that continue. But our values are our values and we work closely with our defence partners in the region and more broadly. We’ll continue to do that, but what you can expect from our Government is just a continued common sense. Cool heads engaging with everybody in a very calm way and ensuring that we’re working for the best strategic outcomes of everyone involved here, but also most importantly, the national interest of Australia which demands the approach we’re taking."

Yes, if China and the United States were to go to war over a small incident in the South China Sea, the consequences would be unthinkable — the  freedom of navigation in the whole of the Asia-Pacific region would then be really affected and destroyed by the war. Not to mention that this war will lead to the instability of the entire Asia-Pacific region, but will also bring a huge loss of life and property to the region, bringing untold numbers of victims and refugees! The United States and China have two very painful historical experiences in Korea and Indochina. Don't they cherish the terrible lessons of history? In particular for the United States, history has proved that US  has often been a cause of war since World War II . The US has left a terrible mess in the Middle East. However in order to keep America's economy going and trying to save face, US continues to sell arms and using war, have you considered helping the tens of millions of people and homeless refugees who died and were affected by the Middle East and create wars.Moreover, does the United States think that modern China is as easy to bully as it used to be?

Prime Minister Morrison is right. Australia can be an important peacemaker in the Asia-Pacific region. The leaders of China and the United States should keep a cool head and think about the long-term stability, prosperity and peaceful development of the Asia-Pacific region. The Asia-Pacific Economic and Trade Organization (APEC), launched by Australia in 1989, is also a very important peacemaker organisation. The formation of APEC has witnessed that only by taking the path of peaceful development for all countries , can lasting stability and prosperity be created, benefiting the peoples of the world, not just the Asia-Pacific region.

Note: Dr. Ka Sing Chua is the National Board member of the Medical Association for the Prevention of War (MAPW) and the Australian International Councillor to the International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War( IPPNW)

www.mapw.org.au

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