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澳洲应考虑选个适合的“澳洲国庆日” Australia should consider choosing a more suitable National Day of Australia

来源:澳洲网 作者:蔡家声 时间:2019-01-25 18:01:29 点击:

在英国殖民统治下,1月26日被选定为“澳洲国庆日”,那在当时是情有可原也是无可厚非的。然而澳洲自从1901年1月1日宣布成立“联邦政府”Commonwealth of Australia后,基本上是宣布“独立”了。但是当时算是名誉上的独立,在实质大部分的条律、联邦国会法案的通过都基本上要英国国会和皇室最后敲定。直到Gough Whitlam总理1972年上任后才终于最后终止英国最高法院上诉权,并钦定澳洲总督必须是澳洲公民等。然而遗憾的是,我们的国家最高元首还是留着给英国的皇室担当。

保守派常说,“皇室”没有控制澳洲国会的最高权力,我们国家的应作不是好好的吗?这话只说对了一半,因为在宪法上,通过澳洲总督,英国“皇室”还是拥有澳洲国会最高的权力包括军权!虽然现在的澳洲总督必须是澳洲公民,但是如果澳洲宪法不改,澳洲实质上永远还是生存在英国的控制下。

我非常赞同更改“澳洲国庆日”的日期,因为1月26日是纪念1788年1月26日亚瑟·菲利普船长在杰克森港(Port Jackson,如今的Sydney Cove)升起英国国旗,宣称这里是大英帝国的殖民地的日子。当时在悉尼和澳洲各地生存的原住民土著人被杀的杀、赶的赶的,后来又把他们当奴隶般地看待,实行同化的母子隔离政策等等不公平的待遇。直到1967年公投时,土著原住民才有“同等的投票权和公民权”。

当然我们也不会忘记澳洲还有一段阴暗的让很多有色人种伤心受欺压的白澳政策的时代。

澳洲有今天这么繁荣、国泰民安的社会,当然我们不会忘记英国政府以前对澳洲殖民地开发的功劳。然而,这五十年来,如果没有非常成功的多元文化政策,容纳世界百川的精英移民,澳洲肯定会停留在白澳政策那个现在已落伍的年代。

因此,为了响应时代的要求,与时俱进,很多有远见之士都提出了澳洲应该更改更适合的“澳洲国庆日”,让150多个不同民族、宗教、语言、信仰等的群体都能认同的一个“国庆日”。我很赞同前维州州长Jeff Kenneth最近也提出了将国庆日改为1月1日。公投也好,不公投也好,我希望政府和反对党们都能取得一个共识,把这个土著原住民称为“国耻日”的日子纠正过来。1月1日是澳洲联邦政府正式成立的日子,是一个很恰当合适的日子。我想绝大多数澳洲人民都会支持的。



Australia should consider choosing a more suitable National Day of Australia

Dr Ka Sing Chua

Under British colonial rule, January 26 was chosen as Australia's National Day which, at the time, was understandable and justifiable. However, since the Federation of Commonwealth of Australia was established on 1 January 1901, Australia has basically declared itself independent. But it was only a matter of honorary independence because the passage of most of the substantive laws and Federal acts, were essentially still have to be ratified by the British Parliament and the Royal Family. It was not until Prime Minister Gough Whitlam took office in 1972 that the right of the highest appeal to the British Supreme Court was finally terminated. And it was determined that the Governor of Australia must be an Australian citizen, etc. Unfortunately, our Head of State has not changed.  It still belongs to the British Royal family.

Conservatives often boast that The Royal Family does not control the supreme power of the Australian Parliament. Why should we have to change it?

That is only half right, because constitutionally, through Australian Governor-General and Governors, the British Australian Head of State still control the highest power in the Australian Parliaments including the highest military command.  Although the present Governor General and Governors of Australia must be Australian citizens, but if the Australian Constitution is not changed, Australia will remain under the 'control' of the Head of State from United Kingdom.

I am very much in favour of changing the date of Australia's National Day because January 26th was the day (January 26th, 1788, ) when Captain Arthur Phillips landed in Port Jacksons which is today Sydney. He raised the British flag and , declared Australia be the British Empire's colony. Aboriginals who lived in Sydney and around Australia were chased away from the homes , some killed and /or then enslaved, and subjected to assimilation policies whence many children were forcibly segregated and taken away from their parents. It was not until the 1967 referendum that indigenous peoples were given equal rights to vote and citizenship. In 2015, a National Sorry was declared by Australian Prime Minister Kevin Rudd in Federal Parliament to those victims known as Stolen Generation of the indigenous children who were forcefully taken away from their parents.

Of course, we will not forget that Australia also has a dark and sad era of White Australia policies which caused lot of sufferings for many coloured migrants.

For the  success and prosperity of modern Australia today, we will certainly not forget the contribution made by the British Government to the development of the Australian colonies in the past. However, in the past 50 years, Australia has implemented a very successful non discriminatory, multicultural policy to accommodate  immigrants from all over the world with various religious, cultural, coloured, traditions and language backgrounds. It has transformed Australia into one of the most liveable countries in the world with stability, harmony and prosperity. Without the change, Australia would surely have remained in the anachronism of the White Australia policy.

Therefore, in order to meet the demands of the times and to keep pace with the 21st Century, many far-sighted people have proposed that Australia should change to a  more appropriate Australian National Day. A National Day that will be recognized by more than over 150 different ethnic, religious, linguistic and religious communities, and especially the indigenous people who remember the current  National Day as Invasive Day when their land was stolen from them.

I therefore very much agree with former Victorian Premier Jeff Kennett's recent proposal to change National Day to January 1. Whether through  referendum or not, I hope that the Government and the Opposition can reach a consensus that January 1 be declared the new National Day of Australia as that was the day Federation of Commonwealth of Australia was established and it is a very appropriate date. I believe that the vast majority of Australians will support it wholeheartedly.

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